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Adherence to a daily flossing regimen in university students: effects of planning when, where, how and what to do in the face of barriers


Schuez, BEC and Sniehotta, FF and Wiedemann, A and Seemann, R, Adherence to a daily flossing regimen in university students: effects of planning when, where, how and what to do in the face of barriers, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 33 pp. 612-619. ISSN 1600-051X (2006) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2006.00967.x


Objectives: Regular (daily) dental flossing is recommended for preventing oral diseases, but adherence is unsatisfactory. Social cognitive theory (SCT) specifies determinants of dental flossing: Cognitions about risk, positive and negative outcome expectations and the perceived ability to perform behaviour predict motivation, which in turn predicts behaviour. Recent research suggests that motivation alone may not suffice to predict behaviour, and proposes if-then-planning. This study aims to predict flossing adherence from social cognitive variables and planning. Material and Methods: Questionnaire data from 157 non-dental university students on flossing, SCT variables and planning were gathered at three measurement points over 6 weeks. Residual floss was used to validate behaviour self-reports. Results: Social cognitive variables and planning correlated significantly with flossing at all times. Discriminant function analysis suggests that after controlling for Time 1 flossing, planning Time 2 (Wilk’s l50.77; po0.01) is more important in discriminating between adherent and non-adherent participants at Time 3 than Time 1 social cognitive measures. Regression analyses confirmed this result with planning as only predictor of flossing change ( po0.05). Conclusions: These results suggest targeting planning in interventions to increase compliance with flossing recommendations. Implications for such interventions are discussed.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:compliance; dental flossing; health behaviour theories; oral self-care; planning
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Dental health
UTAS Author:Schuez, BEC (Dr Benjamin Schuez)
ID Code:74464
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:94
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2011-12-02
Last Modified:2012-07-10
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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