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Action planning and coping planning for long-term lifestyle change: Theory and assessment


Sniehotta, FF and Schwarzer, R and Scholz, U and Schuez, BEC, Action planning and coping planning for long-term lifestyle change: Theory and assessment, European Journal of Social Psychology, 35 pp. 565-576. ISSN 0046-2772 (2005) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1002/ejsp.258


Planning is regarded as highly valuable in the process of health behaviour change. It bridges the gap between behavioural intentions and health behaviour. To further develop this concept, a distinction is made between action planning and coping planning. The latter refers to the mental simulation of overcoming anticipated barriers to action. Action planning and coping planning for physical exercise were examined in a longitudinal study with 352 cardiac patients. They were approached during rehabilitation treatment and followed up at two and four months after discharge. Both planning cognitions were psychometrically identified, and it was found that they operated differently in the behavioural change process. Action plans were more influential early in the rehabilitation process, whereas coping plans were more instrumental later on. Participants with higher levels of coping planning after discharge were more likely to report higher levels of exercise four months after discharge. It is suggested to include both kinds of planning in interventions at different stages in health behaviour change.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:coronary heart disease, action planning, coping, rehabilitation, long-term lifestyle change, behavioural intentions
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Preventive medicine
UTAS Author:Schuez, BEC (Dr Benjamin Schuez)
ID Code:74450
Year Published:2005
Web of Science® Times Cited:541
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2011-12-01
Last Modified:2013-01-17
Downloads:20 View Download Statistics

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