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Associations between physical activity, sedentary behavior, and glycemic control in a large cohort of adolescents with type 1 diabetes: the Hvidoere Study Group on Childhood Diabetes

Citation

Aman, J and Skinner, TC and de Beaufort, CE and Swift, PGF and Aanstoot, H-J and Cameron, F, Hvidoere Study Group on Childhood Diabetes, Associations between physical activity, sedentary behavior, and glycemic control in a large cohort of adolescents with type 1 diabetes: the Hvidoere Study Group on Childhood Diabetes, Pediatric Diabetes, 10, (4) pp. 234-239. ISSN 1399-543X (2009) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-5448.2008.00495.x

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1399-5448.2008.00495.x

Abstract

Background: The Hvidoere Study Group on Childhood Diabetes has demonstrated persistent differences in metabolic outcomes between pediatric diabetes centers. These differences cannot be accounted for by differences in demographic, medical, or treatment variables. Therefore, we sought to explore whether differences in physical activity or sedentary behavior could explain the variation in metabolic outcomes between centers.

Methods: An observational cross-sectional international study in 21 centers, with demographic and clinical data obtained by questionnaire from participants. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were assayed in one central laboratory. All individuals with diabetes aged 1118 yr (49.4% female), with duration of diabetes of at least 1 yr, were invited to participate. Individuals completed a self-reported measure of quality of life (Diabetes Quality of Life - Short Form [DQOL-SF]), with well-being and leisure time activity assessed using measures developed by Health Behaviour in School Children WHO Project.

Results: Older participants (p < 0.001) and females (p < 0.001) reported less physical activity. Physical activity was associated with positive health perception (p < 0.001) but not with glycemic control, body mass index, frequency of hypoglycemia, or diabetic ketoacidosis. The more time spent on the computer (r = 0.06; p < 0.05) and less time spent doing school homework (r = 20.09; p < 0.001) were associated with higher HbA1c. Between centers, there were significant differences in reported physical activity (p < 0.001) and sedentary behavior (p < 0.001), but these differences did not account for center differences in metabolic control.

Conclusions: Physical activity is strongly associated with psychological well-being but has weak associations with metabolic control. Leisure time activity is associated with individual differences in HbA1c but not with intercenter differences.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Hvidoere Study Group, HSG, physical activity, sedentary behavior, glycemic control, adolescents, type 1 diabetes
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
Research Field:Paediatrics
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Diabetes
Author:Skinner, TC (Professor Timothy Skinner)
ID Code:74141
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:44
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2011-11-14
Last Modified:2012-10-10
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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