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Depressive symptoms in the first year from diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes: results from the DESMOND trial

Citation

Skinner, TC and Carey, ME and Cradock, S and Dallosso, HM and Daly, H and Davies, MJ and Doherty, Y and Heller, S and Khunti, K and Oliver, L, DESMOND Collaborative, Depressive symptoms in the first year from diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes: results from the DESMOND trial, Diabetic Medicine, 27, (8) pp. 965-967. ISSN 0742-3071 (2010) [Refereed Article]


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The definitive published version is available online at: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1464-5491.2010.03028.x

Abstract

Aims To describe the course of depressive symptoms during the first year after diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. Methods Post hoc analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial of self-management education for 824 individuals newly diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Participants completed the Depression scale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale after diagnosis and at 4, 8 and 12 months follow-up. Participants also completed the Problem Areas in Diabetes scale at 8 and 12 months follow-up. We present descriptive statistics on prevalence and persistence of depressive symptoms. Logistic regression is used to predict possible depression cases, and multiple regression to predict depressive symptomatology. Results The prevalence of depressive symptoms in individuals recently diagnosed with diabetes (18-22% over the year) was not significantly different from normative data for the general population (12%) in the UK. Over 20% of participants indicated some degrees of depressive symptoms over the first year of living with Type 2 diabetes; these were mostly transient episodes, with 5% (1% severe) reporting having depressive symptoms throughout the year. At 12 months post diagnosis, after controlling for baseline depressive symptoms, diabetes-specific emotional distress was predictive of depressive symptomatology. Conclusions The increased prevalence of depressive symptoms in diabetes is not manifest until at least 1 year post diagnosis in this cohort. However, there are a significant number of people with persistent depressive symptoms in the early stages of diabetes, and diabetes-specific distress may be contributing to subsequent development of depressive symptoms in people with Type 2 diabetes. © 2010 Diabetes UK.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Primary Health Care
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Diabetes
Author:Skinner, TC (Professor Timothy Skinner)
ID Code:74112
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:15
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2011-11-14
Last Modified:2012-02-28
Downloads:0

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