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Calcium efflux systems in stress signaling and adaptation in plants


Bose, J and Pottosin, II and Shabala, SS and Palmgren, MG and Shabala, S, Calcium efflux systems in stress signaling and adaptation in plants, Frontiers in Plant Science, 2 Article 85. ISSN 1664-462X (2011) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2011 Bose, Pottosin, Shabala, Palmgren and Shabala

DOI: doi:10.3389/fpls.2011.00085


Transient cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]cyt) elevation is an ubiquitous denominator of the signaling network when plants are exposed to literally every known abiotic and biotic stress. These stress-induced [Ca2+]cyt elevations vary in magnitude, frequency, and shape, depending on the severity of the stress as well the type of stress experienced. This creates a unique stress-specific calcium "signature" that is then decoded by signal transduction networks. While most published papers have been focused predominantly on the role of Ca2+ influx mechanisms to shaping [Ca2+]cyt signatures, restoration of the basal [Ca2+]cyt levels is impossible without both cytosolic Ca2+ buffering and efficient Ca2+ efflux mechanisms removing excess Ca2+ from cytosol, to reload Ca2+ stores and to terminate Ca2+ signaling. This is the topic of the current review. The molecular identity of two major types of Ca2+ efflux systems, Ca2+-ATPase pumps and Ca2+/H+ exchangers, is described, and their regulatory modes are analyzed in detail. The spatial and temporal organization of calcium signaling networks is described, and the importance of existence of intracellular calcium microdomains is discussed. Experimental evidence for the role of Ca2+ efflux systems in plant responses to a range of abiotic and biotic factors is summarized. Contribution of Ca2+-ATPase pumps and Ca2+/H+ exchangers in shaping [Ca2+]cyt signatures is then modeled by using a four-component model (plasma- and endo-membrane-based Ca2+-permeable channels and efflux systems) taking into account the cytosolic Ca2+ buffering. It is concluded that physiologically relevant variations in the activity of Ca2+-ATPase pumps and Ca2+/H+ exchangers are sufficient to fully describe all the reported experimental evidence and determine the shape of [Ca2+]cyt signatures in response to environmental stimuli, emphasizing the crucial role these active efflux systems play in plant adaptive responses to environment.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Environmentally sustainable plant production
Objective Field:Environmentally sustainable plant production not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Bose, J (Dr Jayakumar Bose)
UTAS Author:Pottosin, II (Professor Igor Pottosin)
UTAS Author:Shabala, SS (Associate Professor Stas Shabala)
UTAS Author:Shabala, S (Professor Sergey Shabala)
ID Code:74027
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:155
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2011-11-08
Last Modified:2020-12-02
Downloads:473 View Download Statistics

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