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Fluid compliance among patients having haemodialysis: can an educational program make a difference?

Citation

Barnett, AP and Tang, LY and Pinikahana, J and Tan, S-Y, Fluid compliance among patients having haemodialysis: can an educational program make a difference?, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 61, (3) pp. 300-306. ISSN 0309-2402 (2008) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04528.x

Abstract

Title. Fluid compliance among patients having haemodialysis: can an educational programme make a difference? Aim. This paper is a report of a study to examine the effectiveness of a patient education programme on fluid compliance as assessed by interdialytic weight gain, mean predialysis blood pressure and rate of fluid adherence. Background. Patients with end stage renal disease who receive haemodialysis are often non-compliant with their treatment regime, especially adherence to fluid restrictions. Method. An exploratory study was conducted in 2004–05 using a quasi-experimental, single group design to examine the effectiveness of patient education on fluid compliance in a dialysis centre located in a major teaching hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Twenty-six patients with an interdialytic weight gain of greater than 2Ć5 kg were identified as non-compliant and recruited to the study. The intervention was carried out over a 2-month period and included teaching and weekly reinforcement about diet, fluids and control of weight gain. Findings. Patients’ mean interdialytic weight gain decreased following the educational intervention from 2Ć64 kg to 2Ć21 kg (P < 0Ć05) and adherence to fluid restrictions increased from 47% to 71% following the intervention. Predialysis mean blood pressure did not improve following the intervention, although the maximum recording for predialysis systolic pressure dropped from 220 mmHg to 161 mmHg. Whilst no statistically significant associations were detected between interdialytic weight gain and age, educational level, marital status or employment status, women demonstrated a greater decrease in mean interdialytic weight gain than men. Conclusion. Nephrology nurses often have long-term relationships with their patients and are ideally placed to provide ongoing education and encouragement, especially for those experiencing difficulties in adhering to fluid and dietary restrictions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:compliance, fluid restriction, nursing, patient teaching, programme,
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Health and Community Services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)
Objective Field:Women's Health
Author:Barnett, AP (Associate Professor Tony Barnett)
ID Code:73512
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:28
Deposited By:Centre for Rural Health
Deposited On:2011-10-12
Last Modified:2011-12-01
Downloads:30 View Download Statistics

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