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Epiphytic bryophytes and habitat variation in montane rainforest, Peru


Romanski, J and Pharo, EJ and Kirkpatrick, JB, Epiphytic bryophytes and habitat variation in montane rainforest, Peru, Bryologist, 114, (4) pp. 720-731. ISSN 0007-2745 (2011) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2011 The American Bryological and Lichenological Society, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1639/0007-2745-114.4.720


A survey of epiphytic bryophytes within a tree was conducted in lower montane rainforest at 2400 m in the Peruvian Yungas. The Weinmannia sp. host tree supported 110 species (77 hepatics, one hornwort and 32 mosses). To our knowledge, this is the highest single-tree bryophyte species richness reported to date. We used Johansson zones (lower trunk, upper trunk, mid-crown, mid-outer crown and outer crown) to stratify our sampling and found that the greatest species richness and abundance was on the upper trunk and large branches of the mid-crown. Hepatics, and the Lejeuneaceae in particular, were dominant in all five Johansson zones of the tree. The mid-crown had higher radiation intensity than the dark lower trunk while still having high relative humidity. Non-metric multidimensional scaling indicated the presence of four communities: an outer crown, a mid to mid-outer crown, an upper trunk and a lower trunk community. The outer crown supported only two moss species along with 35 hepatics, which included 17 high-light tolerant hepatics. The climate data suggested that this pattern was due to higher irradiation and exposure. More bryological work is needed in these poorly catalogued montane forests of the Peruvian Andes, which are under multiple threats that include forest clearing and climate change.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Lejeuneaceae, bryophyte diversity, cloud forest, microclimate, relative humidity
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Conservation and biodiversity
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems
UTAS Author:Pharo, EJ (Dr Emma Pharo)
UTAS Author:Kirkpatrick, JB (Professor James Kirkpatrick)
ID Code:73470
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2011-10-11
Last Modified:2017-11-01
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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