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Microbial degradation and detoxification of high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain VUN 10,003

Citation

Juhasz, AL and Stanley, GA and Britz, ML, Microbial degradation and detoxification of high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain VUN 10,003, Letters in Applied Microbiology, 30, (5) pp. 396-401. ISSN 0266-8254 (2000) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1046/j.1472-765x.2000.00733.x

Abstract

A.L. JUHASZ, G.A. STANLEY AND M.L. BRITZ. 2000. The ability of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain VUN 10,003 to degrade and detoxify high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was evaluated in a basal liquid medium. Using high cell density inocula of strain VUN 10,003, the concentration of pyrene, fluoranthene, benz[a] anthracene, benzol[a] pyrene, dibenz[a,h]anthracene and coronene decreased by 98, 45, 26, 22, 22 and 55% over periods ranging from 5 to 42 d. When a PAH mixture containing three- to seven-ring compounds was used, degradation of both low and high molecular weight compounds occurred concurrently. Mutagenicity assays (Ames Test) demonstrated a decrease in the mutagenic potential of dichloromethane culture extracts from all cultures containing single PAH over the incubation period, corresponding to the decrease in the concentration of the PAH. These observations indicate that strain VUN 10,003 could be used for the detoxification of PAH-contaminated wastes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Technology
Research Group:Environmental Biotechnology
Research Field:Bioremediation
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Rehabilitation of Degraded Environments
Objective Field:Rehabilitation of Degraded Urban and Industrial Environments
Author:Britz, ML (Professor Margaret Britz)
ID Code:73310
Year Published:2000
Web of Science® Times Cited:95
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2011-09-26
Last Modified:2011-09-26
Downloads:0

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