Evaluation of a creosote-based medium for the growth and preparation of a PAH-degrading bacterial community for bioaugmentation
Juhasz, AL and Britz, ML and Stanley, GA, Evaluation of a creosote-based medium for the growth and preparation of a PAH-degrading bacterial community for bioaugmentation, Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, 24, (4) pp. 277-284. ISSN 1367-5435 (2000) [Refereed Article]
Creosote was evaluated as an inexpensive carbon source for growing inocula of a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-degrading bacterial community (community five). Creosote was a poor growth substrate when provided as sole carbon source in a basal salts solution (BSM). Alternatively, peptone, yeast extract or glucose in BSM supported high growth rates, but community five could not subsequently degrade pyrene. A combination of creosote and yeast extract in BSM (CYEM) supported growth and maintained the pyrene-degrading capacity of community five. Optimum pyrene- degrading activity occurred when the inocula were grown in creosote and yeast extract concentrations of 2 ml L -1 and 1 g L -1 respectively: concentrations outside these values resulted in either low biomass yields or loss of PAH-degrading activity. CYEM-grown community five inocula degraded 250 mg L -1 of pyrene in BSM at a rate comparable to cultures inoculated with community five grown in BSM-pyrene. However, the CYEM-grown community showed a 40% lower rate of PAH degradation in a synthetic PAH mixture compared with pyrene-grown cells and there was an increase in the lag period before the onset of PAH degradation. This appears to reflect a weaker induction of PAH catabolism by CYEM compared to BSM-pyrene.