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State of The Climate in 2010: [Global Oceans] Oceans salinity: a water cycle diagnostic?

Citation

Durack, P and Wijffels, S and Bindoff, NL, State of The Climate in 2010: [Global Oceans] Oceans salinity: a water cycle diagnostic?, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, (6) pp. S91-S93. ISSN 1520-0477 (2010) [Contribution to Refereed Journal]


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DOI: doi:10.1175/1520-0477-92.6.S1

Abstract

Present-day civilizations thrive in a wide range of temperatures at different latitudes across the Earth, but cannot cope without available freshwater. Changes to global water distribution are anticipated in the 21st century as anthropogenic climate change signatures become more apparent from natural variability of the climate system; future projections of surface moisture fluxes suggest that regions dominated by evaporation (over rainfall over the course of a year), will become drier, while regions dominated by rainfall (over evaporation) will become wetter (Allen and Ingram 2002; Held and Soden 2006; Meehl et al. 2007; Wentz et al. 2007; Seager et al. 2010). In water-stressed areas the human population and surrounding ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to decreasing or more variable rainfall due to climate change. Therefore, understanding probable future changes to the global water cycle are vital, as the projections of future climate show considerable changes to the water cycle are likely to significantly impact much of the world’s population.

Item Details

Item Type:Contribution to Refereed Journal
Keywords:ocean salinity
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Global Effects of Climate Change and Variability (excl. Australia, New Zealand, Antarctica and the South Pacific) (excl. Social Impacts)
Author:Durack, P (Mr Paul Durack)
Author:Bindoff, NL (Professor Nathan Bindoff)
ID Code:73264
Year Published:2010
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2011-09-22
Last Modified:2014-11-07
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