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Involvement of Young Australian Adults in Meal Preparation: Cross-Sectional Associations with Abdominal Obesity and Body Mass Index

Citation

Smith, KJ and McNaughton, SA and Gall, SL and Blizzard, L and Dwyer, T and Venn, AJ, Involvement of Young Australian Adults in Meal Preparation: Cross-Sectional Associations with Abdominal Obesity and Body Mass Index, American Dietetic Association. Journal, 111, (8) pp. 1187-1191. ISSN 0002-8223 (2011) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright © 2011 by the American Dietetic Association The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jada.2011.05.011

Abstract

Previous research has shown that involvement in meal preparation is positively associated with better diet quality. However, it is unclear whether there is an association between involvement in meal preparation and being overweight or obese. This study investigated whether the level of involvement in meal preparation was associated with objectively measured weight status in young adults. During 2004-2006, a national sample of 1,996 Australian adults aged 26 to 36 years completed a self-administered questionnaire including questions on sociodemographic characteristics, diet, and physical activity. Participants were asked to report who usually prepared the main meal on working days and responses were categorized as "myself," "shared," or "someone else." Waist circumference, weight, and height were measured by trained staff. Moderate abdominal obesity was defined as waist circumference 94 cm for men and 80 cm for women. Overweight was defined as body mass index (calculated as kg/m2) 25. Prevalence ratios were calculated using log binomial regression. After adjusting for age, education, and leisure time physical activity, men who shared the meal preparation had a slightly lower prevalence of moderate abdominal obesity (prevalence ratio0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.86 to 0.99) than those whose meals were usually prepared by someone else. There was no association with having sole responsibility (prevalence ratio0.99; 95% CI: 0.92 to 1.06). There were no associations between level of involvement in meal preparation and being overweight (shared responsibility prevalence ratio0.99; 95% CI: 0.92 to 1.07; sole responsibility prevalence ratio0.98; 95% CI: 0.91 to 1.05). For women, level of involvement was not associated with moderate abdominal obesity (shared responsibility prevalence ratio0.93; 95% CI: 0.84 to 1.03; sole responsibility prevalence ratio 0.94; 95% CI: 0.86 to 1.03) or being overweight (shared responsibility prevalence ratio0.93; 95% CI: 0.84 to 1.02; sole responsibility prevalence ratio0.93; 95% CI: 0.85 to 1.02). In this sample of young adults, level of involvement in meal preparation was not strongly related to weight status.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and Health
Author:Smith, KJ (Dr Kylie Smith)
Author:Gall, SL (Dr Seana Gall)
Author:Blizzard, L (Associate Professor Leigh Blizzard)
Author:Venn, AJ (Professor Alison Venn)
ID Code:73134
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2011-09-15
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:0

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