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Climate Change and Australian Agriculture: A Review of the Threats Facing Rural Communities and the Health Policy Landscape

Citation

Hanna, EG and Bell, EJ and King, D and Woodruff, R, Climate Change and Australian Agriculture: A Review of the Threats Facing Rural Communities and the Health Policy Landscape, Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 23, (2) pp. 105S-118S. ISSN 1010-5395 (2011) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2011 SAGE Publications

DOI: doi:10.1177/1010539510391459

Abstract

Population health is a function of social and environmental health determinants. Climate change is predicted to bring significant alterations to ecological systems on which human health and livelihoods depend; the air, water, plant, and animal health. Agricultural systems are intrinsically linked with environmental conditions, which are already under threat in much of southern Australian because of rising heat and protracted drying. The direct impact of increasing heat waves on human physiology and survival has recently been well studied. More diffusely, increasing drought periods may challenge the viability of agriculture in some regions, and hence those communities that depend on primary production. A worst case scenario may herald the collapse of some communities. Human health impacts arising from such transition would be profound. This article summarizes existing rural health challenges and presents the current evidence plus future predictions of climate change impacts on Australian agriculture to argue the need for significant augmentation of public health and existing health policy frameworks. The article concludes by suggesting that adaptation to climate change requires planning for worst case scenario outcomes to avert catastrophic impacts on rural communities. This will involve national policy planning as much as regional-level leadership for rapid development of adaptive strategies in agriculture and other key areas of rural communities.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:climate change, rural communities, health policy
Research Division:Studies in Human Society
Research Group:Sociology
Research Field:Rural Sociology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Environmental Health
Author:Bell, EJ (Associate Professor Erica Bell)
ID Code:72742
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:20
Deposited By:Centre for Rural Health
Deposited On:2011-08-31
Last Modified:2012-04-17
Downloads:0

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