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Distinct roles for lymphotoxin-alpha and tumor necrosis factor in organogenesis and spatial organization of lymphoid tissue

Citation

Korner, H and Cook, M and Riminton, DS and Lemckert, FA and Hoek, RM and Ledermann, B and Kontgen, F and Fazekas de St Groth, B and Sedgwick, JD, Distinct roles for lymphotoxin-alpha and tumor necrosis factor in organogenesis and spatial organization of lymphoid tissue, European Journal of Immunology, 27, (10) pp. 2600-2609. ISSN 0014-2980 (1997) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1002/eji.1830271020

Abstract

Specialized roles for the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and lymphotoxin (LT) were characterized in TNF/LTα(-/-) and TNF(-/-) mice established by direct gene targeting of C57BL/6 ES cells. The requirement for LT early in lymphoid tissue organogenesis is shown to be distinct from the more subtle and varied role of TNF in promoting correct microarchitectural organization of leukocytes in LN and spleen. Development of normal Peyer's patch (PP) structure, in contrast, is substantially dependent on TNF. Only mice lacking LT exhibit retarded B cell maturation in vivo and serum immunoglobulin deficiencies. A temporal hierarchy in lymphoid tissue development can now be defined, with LT being an essential participant in general lymphoid tissue organogenesis, developmentally preceeding TNF that has a more varied and subtle role in promotion of correct spatial organization of leukocytes in LN and spleen. PP development in TNF(-/-) mice is unusual, indicating that TNF is a more critical participant for this structure than it is for other lymphoid tissues.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Immunology
Research Field:Immunology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Infectious Diseases
Author:Korner, H (Professor Heinrich Korner)
ID Code:72429
Year Published:1997
Web of Science® Times Cited:235
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2011-08-26
Last Modified:2011-08-29
Downloads:0

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