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Aggressive Behavior Following Traumatic Brain Injury


Baguley, IJ and Cooper, J and Felmingham, KL, Aggressive Behavior Following Traumatic Brain Injury, Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 21, (1) pp. 45-56. ISSN 0885-9701 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1097/00001199-200601000-00005


Objective: To assess the prevalence and predictors of aggressive behavior among traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors at 6, 24, and 60 months postdischarge. Design: Mixed cross-sectional and longitudinal data from a 5-year follow-up study of discharged TBI patients analyzed retrospectively. Setting: A specialized Brain Injury Rehabilitation Service of a tertiary referral hospital. Patients: Two hundred twenty-eight (228) patients with moderate to severe TBI. Main Outcome Measures: The Overt Aggression Scale; injury-related variables (in particular, Glasgow Coma and Outcome scales and posttraumatic amnesia duration); and a battery of postdischarge questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory, Trauma Complaints List, General Health Questionnaire, etc). Results: At any given follow-up period, 25% of the participants were classified as aggressive. Aggression, where present, was consistently associated with depression, concurrent traumatic complaints, younger age at injury, and low satisfaction with life rather than with injury, demographic, or premorbid characteristics. Depression was the factor that was most significantly associated with aggressive behavior at all times postinjury, followed by a younger age at the time of injury. Conclusions: Aggression is a common, fluctuating, and long-term problem following TBI. The underlying association between aggression and psychosocial variables lends support to the provision of ongoing outreach services and psychological and behavioral interventions for all affected TBI survivors.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:aggression, follow up, prdictors, prevalence, traumatic brain injury
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Felmingham, KL (Professor Kim Felmingham)
ID Code:72386
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:167
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2011-08-25
Last Modified:2011-08-25

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