MacFarlane, A and Cleland, V and Crawford, D and Campbell, K and Timperio, A, Longitudinal examination of the family food environment and weight status among children, International Journal of Pediatric Obesity , 31 pp. 1-10. ISSN 1747-7166 (2009) [Refereed Article]
Objective: To examine whether aspects of the family food environment were associated with body mass index (BMI) z-score and weight status in children, cross-sectionally and prospectively over 3 years.
Methods: Four aspects of the family food environment (breakfast eating patterns, food consumption while watching television, parental provision of energy-dense foods and child consumption of energy-dense food at home and away from home) were assessed with a questionnaire completed by parents of 161 children aged 5–6 years and 132 children aged 10–12 years in Melbourne, Australia in 2002/03. In 2002/03 and 2006, children's BMI z-score and weight status (non-overweight or overweight) was calculated from measured height and weight.
Results: At baseline, 19% of younger and 21% of older children were overweight. Three years later, a greater proportion of younger (now aged 8–9 years) compared with older (aged 13–15 years) children were classified as overweight (28% versus 18%). Few of the family food environment variables were associated with children's BMI z-score and weight status cross-sectionally and longitudinally. However, among older children, more frequent dinner consumption while watching television was associated with a higher BMI z-score longitudinally (B=0.3, 95% CI=0.0, 0.6), less frequent breakfast consumption was associated with higher odds of overweight longitudinally (OR=2.2, 95% CI=1.1–4.7), and more frequent fast food consumption at home was associated with higher odds of overweight cross-sectionally (OR=3.1, 95% CI=1.4–7.0).
Conclusions: This study found few significant associations between aspects of the family food environment and BMI z-score or weight status in a sample of Australian children.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||obesity, overweight, body mass index, children, family food environment, longitudinal study|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Behaviour and Health|
|Author:||Cleland, V (Dr Verity Cleland)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||42|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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