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Predictors of time spent outdoors among children: 5-year longitudinal findings

Citation

Cleland, V and Timperio, A and Salmon, J and Hume, C and Baur, LA and Crawford, D, Predictors of time spent outdoors among children: 5-year longitudinal findings, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64, (5) pp. 400-406. ISSN 0143-005X (2010) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1136/jech.2009.087460

Abstract

Background Given the importance of physical activity for health and age-related declines in physical activity, understanding influences on related behaviours, such as time outdoors, is crucial. This study aimed to understand individual, social and physical environmental influences on longitudinal changes in urban children’s time outdoors. Methods The time children spent outdoors in 2001, 2004 and 2006 (aged 5e6 and 10e12 years at baseline) was reported by their parents (n¼421). In 2001, individual, social and physical environmental factors were self-reported by parents. Generalized estimating equations examined longitudinal relationships between baseline predictors and average change in time outdoors over 5 years. Results Children’s time outdoors significantly declined over time. "Indoor tendencies" inversely predicted time outdoors among younger and older boys, and younger girls. Social opportunities positively predicted time outdoors among younger boys, while "outdoor tendencies" positively predicted time outdoors among older boys. Parental encouragement for activity positively predicted time outdoors among younger and older girls, while lack of adult supervision for active play outdoors after school inversely predicted time outdoors among older girls and older boys. Conclusion Individual (indoor and outdoor tendencies) and social factors (social opportunities, parental encouragement and parental supervision) predicted children’s time outdoors over 5 years. Interventions targeting reduced indoor tendencies, increased outdoor play with others, and increased parental encouragement and supervision are warranted.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and Health
Author:Cleland, V (Dr Verity Cleland)
ID Code:72317
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:41
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2011-08-25
Last Modified:2011-08-25
Downloads:0

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