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Is 'gamma' (40 Hz) synchronous activity disturbed in patients with traumatic brain injury?

Citation

Slewa-Younan, S and Green, AM and Baguley, IJ and Felmingham, KL and Haig, AR and Gordon, E, Is 'gamma' (40 Hz) synchronous activity disturbed in patients with traumatic brain injury?, Clinical Neurophysiology, 113, (10) pp. 1640-1646. ISSN 1388-2457 (2002) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1016/S1388-2457(02)00239-0

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this work is to determine whether Gamma (40 Hz) synchronous activity has disturbed patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Using a conventional auditory oddball paradigm, the extent of Gamma synchrony across multiple scalp sites in specific frequency bands as a function of time was examined in 15 patients with severe TBI and 15 age- and sex-matched controls. Averaged Gamma synchrony was analyzed using within and between group multiple analyses of variance with region (left versus right hemisphere, anterior versus posterior region) as the within factor. Results: Compared to controls, subjects with TBI displayed significantly delayed early Gamma latency (from 2150 to 150 ms) (F(1,28) ź 10.28, P , 0:003) across all sites in addition to other specific regional disturbances. For late Gamma synchrony, subjects with TBI displayed delayed Gamma latency at the left hemisphere (from 200 to 450 ms) (F(1,28) ź 8.71, P , 0:006) and posterior region (F(1,28) ź 9.18, P , 0:006) in comparison to controls. Conclusions: Impaired integration of spatially distributed brain activity (‘40 Hz’ electroencephalogram rhythms) may be an important marker of deficits of cortical network binding postulated to be abnormal in people who have survived TBI.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Traumatic brain injury; Gamma (40 Hz) synchrony; Speed of information processing; Electroencephalogram
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified
Author:Felmingham, KL (Professor Kim Felmingham)
ID Code:72163
Year Published:2002
Web of Science® Times Cited:16
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2011-08-23
Last Modified:2011-09-29
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

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