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In situ measurement of coastal ocean movements and survival of juvenile Pacific salmon

Citation

Welch, DW and Melnychuk, MC and Payne, JC and Rechisky, EL and Porter, AD and Jackson, GD and Ward, BR and Vincent, SP and Wood, CC and Semmens, JM, In situ measurement of coastal ocean movements and survival of juvenile Pacific salmon, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, (21) pp. 8708-8713. ISSN 1091-6490 (2011) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2011 National Academy of Sciences

DOI: doi:10.1073/pnas.1014044108

Abstract

Many salmon populations in both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans have experienced sharply decreasing returns and high ocean mortality in the past two decades, with some populations facing extirpation if current marine survival trends continue. Our inability to monitor the movements of marine fish or to directly measure their survival precludes experimental tests of theories concerning the factors regulating fish populations, and thus limits scientific advance in many aspects of fisheries management and conservation. Here we report a large-scale synthesis of survival and movement rates of free-ranging juvenile salmon across four species, 13 river watersheds, and 44 release groups of salmon smolts (>3,500 fish tagged in total) in rivers and coastal ocean waters, including an assessment of where mortality predominantly occurs during the juvenile migration. Of particular importance, our data indicate that, over the size range of smolts tagged, (i) smolt survival was not strongly related to size at release, (ii) tag burden did not appear to strongly reduce the survival of smaller animals, and (iii) for at least some populations, substantial mortality occurred much later in the migration and more distant from the river of origin than generally expected. Our findings thus have implications for determining where effort should be invested to improve the accuracy of salmon forecasting, to understand the mechanisms driving salmon declines, and to predict the impact of climate change on salmon stocks.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:acoustic arrays Pacific Ocean Shelf Tracking mark-recapture
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Aquatic Ecosystem Studies and Stock Assessment
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Coastal and Estuarine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Semmens, JM (Associate Professor Jayson Semmens)
ID Code:72021
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:60
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2011-08-18
Last Modified:2012-06-15
Downloads:345 View Download Statistics

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