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Eye tracking and physiological reactivity to threatening stimuli in posttraumatic stress disorder

Citation

Felmingham, KL and Rennie, C and Manor, B and Bryant, RA, Eye tracking and physiological reactivity to threatening stimuli in posttraumatic stress disorder, Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25, (5) pp. 668-673. ISSN 0887-6185 (2011) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

2011 Elsevier Ltd The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.02.010

Abstract

This study tested the vigilance-avoidance model of anxiety and attention bias in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study used eye tracking technology to record initial fixations, pupil dilation, fixation time and concurrent skin conductance response to examine initial orienting towards threat stimuli and subsequent fixations. Twenty-one traumatized participants (11 diagnosed with PTSD and 10 traumaexposed participants without PTSD) viewed 32 stimuli (with four words in each quadrant). Sixteen trials contained a trauma-relevant word in one quadrant and 16 had four neutral words. PTSD patients reported significantly greater number of initial fixations to trauma words, and a greater number of skin conductance responses to initial threat fixations. There were no significant differences in subsequent fixations to trauma words between groups. Although this study provides evidence of attentional bias towards threat that is accompanied by specific autonomic arousal, it does not indicate subsequent avoidance of threat stimuli in PTSD.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:PTSD, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Eye tracking, Attention, Skin conductance response
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified
Author:Felmingham, KL (Professor Kim Felmingham)
ID Code:71903
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:29
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2011-08-12
Last Modified:2017-11-07
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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