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Serological evidence for infection with Campylobacter jejuni/coli in patients with multifocal motor neuropathy

Citation

Taylor, BV and Phillips, BA and Speed, BR and Kaldor, J and Carroll, WM and Mastaglia, FL, Serological evidence for infection with Campylobacter jejuni/coli in patients with multifocal motor neuropathy, Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 5, (1) pp. 33-35. ISSN 0967-5868 (1998) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/S0967-5868(98)90198-9

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni/coli (CJC) infection has been implicated in the immunopathogenesis of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN), and Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS). However, its role in chronic immune mediated neuropathies such as multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) or chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is less clear. Anti-ganglioside antibodies are associated with chronic motor neuropathies such as MMN and IgM anti-GM1, and IgM anti-asialo GM1 antibodies have been shown to cross-react with CJC lipopolysaccharides. Molecular mimicry between CJC and IgG anti-GM1 antibodies has also been suggested. Therefore we have performed a retrospective assessment of anti-CJC-specific IgG, IgM, and IgA antibodies in a cohort of seven patients with clinical and electrophysiologically definite MMN. The control group consisted of 140 healthy blood donors with no history of enteric illnesses. We found elevated titres of anti-CJC-specific IgG in 5 of 7 patients, IgM in 3 of 7 and IgA in 1 of 7. At least 1 anti-CJC antibody was elevated in 6 of 7 patients, and 3 patients had elevations of both IgG and IgM antibodies. Three patients had significantly elevated titres of anti-ganglioside antibodies without a clear relationship to the anti-CJC titres. Therefore antibodies specific for CJC were found more frequently than expected in patients with MMN. Prior or ongoing infection with CJC may play a role in the actiopathogenesis of MMN.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Central Nervous System
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Nervous System and Disorders
Author:Taylor, BV (Professor Bruce Taylor)
ID Code:71718
Year Published:1998
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2011-08-03
Last Modified:2011-08-03
Downloads:0

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