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Changing Expendable Bathythermograph Fall Rates and Their Impact on Estimates of Thermosteric Sea Level Rise

Citation

Wijffels, SEA and Willis, SE and Domingues, CM and Barker, P and White, NJ and Gronell, A and Ridgway, K and Church, JA, Changing Expendable Bathythermograph Fall Rates and Their Impact on Estimates of Thermosteric Sea Level Rise, Journal of Climate, 21, (November) pp. 5657a '5672. ISSN 0894-8755 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2290.1

Abstract

A time-varying warm bias in the global XBT data archive is demonstrated to be largely due to changes in the fall rate of XBT probes likely associated with small manufacturing changes at the factory. Deep-reaching XBTs have a different fall rate history than shallow XBTs. Fall rates were fastest in the early 1970s, reached a minimum between 1975 and 1985, reached another maximum in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and have been declining since. Field XBT/CTD intercomparisons and a pseudoprofile technique based on satellite altimetry largely confirm this time history. A global correction is presented and applied to estimates of the thermosteric component of sea level rise. The XBT fall rate minimum from 1975 to 1985 appears as a 10-yr “warm period” in the global ocean in thermosteric sea level and heat content estimates using uncorrected data. Upon correction, the thermosteric sea level curve has reduced decadal variability and a larger, steadier long-term trend.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate Change Models
Author:Domingues, CM (Dr Catia Domingues)
Author:Barker, P (Dr Paul Barker)
Author:Church, JA (Dr John Church)
ID Code:71405
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:149
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2011-07-18
Last Modified:2011-09-21
Downloads:0

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