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Modelling Extreme Events in a Changing Climate using Regional Dynamically- Downscaled Climate Projections


White, CJ and Sanabria, A and Corney, SP and Grose, MR and Holz, GK and Bennett, James and Cechet, R and Bindoff, NL, Modelling Extreme Events in a Changing Climate using Regional Dynamically- Downscaled Climate Projections, International Environmental Modelling and Software Society (iEMSs) 2010 International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software Modelling for Environment's Sake, 5-8 July 2010, Ottawa EJ (2010) [Refereed Conference Paper]


The ability of regional dynamically-downscaled general circulation models (GCMs) to assess changes to future extreme climatic events was investigated by comparing hindcast model outputs with observations. Projections were generated on a 0.1 degree grid across Tasmania using the CSIRO Conformal Cubic Atmospheric Model (CCAM). Two future SRES emission scenarios (A2 and B1) and multiple boundary conditions from GCMs were used for the period 1961-2100. A bias-adjustment procedure was employed to spatially correct extreme magnitudes. Events were fitted to a Generalised Pareto Distribution (GPD) using an automated threshold selection procedure developed for gridded precipitation datasets. Estimates of precipitation average recurrence intervals (ARIs) were calculated using extreme value analysis and compared to gridded observations. Spatial patterns were found in gridded precipitation extremes that closely matched observations. Projections of future changes to precipitation extremes were found to vary spatially between models, correlating with projected changes to regional climate drivers. Results demonstrate that dynamical downscaling captures regional climate variability (particularly relevant for precipitation) and displays significant ability in modelling future changes to the intensity, magnitude and frequency of extreme events at the local scale for use in adaptation and emergency planning applications.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Climate change science
Research Field:Climate change processes
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Climate change models
UTAS Author:White, CJ (Dr Chris White)
UTAS Author:Corney, SP (Dr Stuart Corney)
UTAS Author:Grose, MR (Dr Michael Grose)
UTAS Author:Holz, GK (Dr Greg Holz)
UTAS Author:Bennett, James (Mr James Bennett)
UTAS Author:Bindoff, NL (Professor Nathan Bindoff)
ID Code:71341
Year Published:2010
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2011-07-14
Last Modified:2012-03-21

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