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Hypoxia tolerance and oxygen regulation in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar from a Tasmanian population

Citation

Katersky Barnes, RS and King, H and Carter, CG, Hypoxia tolerance and oxygen regulation in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar from a Tasmanian population, Aquaculture: An International Journal Devoted to Fundamental Aquatic Food Resources, 318, (3-4) pp. 397-401. ISSN 0044-8486 (2011) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.06.003

Abstract

Abstract For aquatic ectotherms, increasing water temperatures cause an exponential increase in metabolic rate and decreasing oxygen solubility. Fish species that regulate their metabolic rate to low dissolved oxygen concentrations are understood to be hypoxia tolerant whereas salmonid fish are considered to be classic metabolic conformers and their metabolic rate is dependent on the environmental oxygen concentration. This study examined Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, undergoing a progressive hypoxia at optimal temperatures and at temperatures nearing the upper thermal tolerance limit for the species to determine if metabolic regulation occurred. Oxygen consumption was measured on individual Atlantic salmon (150.7 40.8 g) in 66-L static respirometers; oxygen measurements were taken every 5 min until the fish lost equilibrium. Metabolic regulation was observed at all temperatures and occurred in 67, 50 and 50% of the fish at 14, 18 and 22 C, respectively. The plateau metabolic rate (VO2PL) was 293.4 24.5 mgkgh-1 at 22C which was significantly higher than in the 14 and 18C treatments (191.1 24.5 and 203.9 12.6 mgkgh-1, respectively). This difference was also reflected in the critical oxygen threshold (Pcrit) where the value for the 22C treatment (4.59 0.32 mgL-1) was significantly higher than those of the 14 and 18C treatments (3.46 0.14 and 3.39 0.26 mgL-1 respectively). These results indicate that some fish from the Tasmanian population of Atlantic salmon have the ability to regulate metabolic rate to low oxygen concentrations and therefore show a relatively high degree of hypoxia tolerance.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Animal Production
Research Field:Animal Breeding
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Aquaculture
Objective Field:Aquaculture Fin Fish (excl. Tuna)
Author:Katersky Barnes, RS (Dr Robin Katersky Barnes)
Author:Carter, CG (Professor Chris Carter)
ID Code:71250
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:18
Deposited By:NC Marine Conservation and Resource Sustainability
Deposited On:2011-07-12
Last Modified:2012-04-30
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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