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Ocean acidification impacts on Southern Ocean Pteropods

Citation

Roberts, D and Howard, W and Moy, AD and Roberts, JL and Trull, T and Bray, SG and Hopcroft, RR, Ocean acidification impacts on Southern Ocean Pteropods, 4th SCAR Open Science Conference - Antarctica: Witness to the Past and Guide to the Future. Submitted Abstracts, 3-6 August 2010, Buenos Aires, pp. Abstract 653. ISBN 978 0 948277 24 5 (2010) [Conference Extract]

Abstract

Laboratory experiments suggest that decreased carbonate saturation will lower calcification rates of marine calcifiers, particularly aragonite producers such as shelled pteropods.Observations of impacts of decreased carbonate saturation on these at risk taxa in nature are, as yet, limited. The Southern Ocean presents a unique opportunity in which to observe in situ responses of pteropods to changes in ocean carbonate chemistry as these waters contain a disproportionate amount of the oceanic inventory of anthropogenic CO2 and will experience aragonite undersaturation earlier than other areas of the global ocean. Through a sustained sediment trap monitoring program in the deep (2000 m) subantarctic (47S, 142E) Southern Ocean we infer a slight decline in mean shell weight, and contribution to total pteropod flux, of the common shelled pteropod Limacina helicina antarctica forma antarctica from 1997-2006.Attribution of this trend to acidification is unclear. However, these small but discernible interannual decreases may represent an emerging response to changing carbonate saturation in the Southern Ocean, which does have a clear, if slow, decadal decline. As pteropods are important biogeochemically and nutritionally in the Southern Ocean ecosystem there is a particular urgency in determining the impact of ocean acidification on these calcifiers. And as we are unable to access pre-industrial baselines of calcification for pteropods in the Southern Ocean our results point to the importance of continued in situ observations in this at risk marine ecosystem as a means of detecting impacts of ocean acidification on the most vulnerable calcifiers as early as possible.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Ecological Applications
Research Field:Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change
Author:Roberts, D (Dr Donna Roberts)
Author:Howard, W (Associate Professor William Howard)
Author:Moy, AD (Dr Andrew Moy)
Author:Roberts, JL (Dr Jason Roberts)
Author:Trull, T (Professor Thomas Trull)
Author:Bray, SG (Mr Stephen Bray)
ID Code:70806
Year Published:2010
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2011-07-04
Last Modified:2011-07-04
Downloads:0

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