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Dual-frequency VLBI study of Centaurus A on sub-parsec scales: The highest-resolution view of an extragalactic jet


Muller, C and Kadler, M and Ojha, R and Wilms, J and Bock, M and Edwards, PG and Fromm, CM and Hase, H and Horiuchi, S and Katz, U and Lovell, JEJ and Plotz, C and Pursimo, T and Richers, S and Ros, E and Rothschild, RE and Taylor, GB and Tingay, SJ and Zensus, JA, Dual-frequency VLBI study of Centaurus A on sub-parsec scales: The highest-resolution view of an extragalactic jet, Astronomy and Astrophysics: A European Journal, 530, (Jun) Article L11. ISSN 0004-6361 (2011) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201116605


Context. Centaurus A is the closest active galactic nucleus. High resolution imaging using Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) enables us to study the spectral and kinematic behavior of the radio jet每counterjet system on sub-parsec scales, providing essential information for jet emission and formation models. Aims. Our aim is to study the structure and spectral shape of the emission from the central-parsec region of CenA. Methods. As a target of the Southern Hemisphere VLBI monitoring program TANAMI (Tracking Active Galactic Nuclei with Milliarcsecond Interferometry), VLBI observations of CenA are made regularly at 8.4 and 22.3GHz with the Australian Long Baseline Array (LBA) and associated telescopes in Antarctica, Chile, and South Africa. Results. The first dual-frequency images of this source are presented along with the resulting spectral index map. An angular resolution of 0.4mas ℅ 0.7mas is achieved at 8.4GHz, corresponding to a linear scale of less than 0.013 pc. Hence, we obtain the highest resolution VLBI image of CenA, comparable to previous space-VLBI observations. By combining with the 22.3GHz image, which has been taken without contributing transoceanic baselines at somewhat lower resolution, we present the corresponding dual-frequency spectral index distribution along the sub-parsec scale jet revealing the putative emission regions for recently detected 污-rays from the core region by Fermi/LAT. Conclusions. We resolve the innermost structure of the milliarcsecond scale jet and counterjet system of CenA into discrete components. The simultaneous observations at two frequencies provide the highest resolved spectral index map of an AGN jet allowing us to identify multiple possible sites as the origin of the high energy emission.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:galaxies: active 每 galaxies: individual (Centaurus A, NGC 5128) 每 galaxies: jets 每 techniques: high angular resolution
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical sciences
Research Field:Cosmology and extragalactic astronomy
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
UTAS Author:Lovell, JEJ (Dr Jim Lovell)
ID Code:70738
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:28
Deposited By:Mathematics and Physics
Deposited On:2011-07-01
Last Modified:2017-11-03

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