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Variation of carbon and oxygen isotopes in the alteration halo to the Lady Loretta deposit - implications for exploration and ore genesis

Citation

McGoldrick, PJ and Kitto, PA and Large, RR, Variation of carbon and oxygen isotopes in the alteration halo to the Lady Loretta deposit - implications for exploration and ore genesis, Water-rock interaction : proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-9), 30 March-3 April 1998, Taupo, New Zealand, pp. 561-564. ISBN 9054109424 (1998) [Conference Extract]


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Abstract

Carbon and oxygen isotope analyses of carbonates were measured on twenty-nine sediment samples within the geochemical halo of the Lady Loretta stratiform sediment-hosted Zn-Pb-Ag deposit. Previous research indicates that the sediments in the inner halo are siderite-bearing and pass outwards to ankerite-bearing and then dolomite-bearing further from the deposit.

This isotope study shows that the inner zone siderites are distinctly heavier in oxygen isotopes (δ18Osid = 23.2 to 28.3‰) and lighter in carbon (δ13Csid = –1.9 to –3.2‰) than the outer zone dolomites (δ18Odol = 16.5 to 18.2‰ and δ13Cdol = –0.9 to –1.5‰). Equilibrium fluid calculations suggest that the siderite halo formed at temperatures near 100°C from a fluid with δ18O = +6‰ and δ13C = –6‰, having the characteristics of an evolved basinal brine. In contrast, the outer dolomite sediments formed in equilibrium with a lower temperature (~50°C) fluid, with δ18O = –11‰, δ13C = –5‰, suggesting either a meteoric or evaporated seawater origin.

The data also suggest that C/O isotopes on carbonates have the potential to be an exploration indicator of favourable stratigraphy for Zn–Pb–Ag mineralisation. For example, within a given district, carbonate sediments which show the heaviest δ18O values and lightest δ13C values may indicate proximity to mineralisation.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:Lady Loretta deposit, Zn-Pb-Ag, carbon, oxygen, carbonates, siderite, isotope analysis
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geochemistry
Research Field:Inorganic Geochemistry
Objective Division:Mineral Resources (excl. Energy Resources)
Objective Group:Mineral Exploration
Objective Field:Zinc Ore Exploration
Author:McGoldrick, PJ (Dr Peter McGoldrick)
Author:Kitto, PA (Dr Paul Kitto)
Author:Large, RR (Professor Ross Large)
ID Code:70726
Year Published:1998
Deposited By:Earth Sciences
Deposited On:2011-07-01
Last Modified:2012-12-17
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

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