Seawater ozonation and formalin disinfection for the larval culture of eastern rock lobster, Jasus (Sagmariasus) verreauxi, phyllosoma
Jensen, M and Ritar, AJ and Burke, CM and Ward, LR, Seawater ozonation and formalin disinfection for the larval culture of eastern rock lobster, Jasus (Sagmariasus) verreauxi, phyllosoma, Aquaculture: An International Journal Devoted to Fundamental Aquatic Food Resources, 318, (1-2) pp. 213-222. ISSN 0044-8486 (2011) [Refereed Article]
The effects of seawater disinfection with continuous ozonation or with daily formalin treatment during flow-through culture, on the survival growth, bacteriology and hisology of eatern rock lobster, Jasus (Sagmariasus) verreauxi , phyllosomo were determined. Survival from hatch to Instar II was highest and bacterial abundance was least in low ozonated seawater (containing 5 ppb ionised bromine, Br). By contrast, at high ozonation (45 ppb Br) and medium ozonation (15 ppb Br), 77% and 69% of larvae, respectively,suffered deformites at the moult to Instar and starved to death. Historical examination of phyllosoma showed no differences in cuticular epithelium thickness but the digestive gland tissue of moribund deformed phyllosoma had significantly thinner tubule epithelium, the lumen was dilated, B-cells were more abundant and there was greater seperation between the cuticular epithelium and distal tip of digestive gland tubules. In unozonated (Control) water, 66% of larvae died during Instar II probably resulting from a possible Vibrio infection. In a second experiment, survival to Instar III was highest at low ozonation or no ozonation without addition of formalin (0 ppm). Bacterial numbers were lowest in low ozonation with 0 ppm formalin treatments, compared to daily treatment with formalin at 10 ppm or above. A concentration of 250 ppm formailin killed all larvae by Instar III. In final experiment, larval survival between Instar III to VI in low ozonated seawater was approximately 80% at formaliin levels of 0 to 80% at formalin levels of 0 to 80 ppm, whereas all lavae treated with 160 ppm formalin died shortly after Instar V. Disinfection improved survival by minimising bacterial disease for the culture of phyllosoma to Instar VI without interrupting growth and development. The present study established that the optimum treatment for the culture of phyllosoma to Instar VI appeared to be low ozonatioon (5 ppb Br ) with 10 ppm formalin.