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Stable isotopes confirm community patterns in foraging among Hawaiian Procellariiformes

Citation

Bond, AL and McClelland, GTW and Jones, IL and Lavers, JL and Kyser, TK, Stable isotopes confirm community patterns in foraging among Hawaiian Procellariiformes, Waterbirds, 33, (1) pp. 50-58. ISSN 1524-4695 (2010) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2010 Waterbird Society

DOI: doi:10.1675/063.033.0106

Abstract

Stable-isotope analysis of whole blood was used to examine the feeding of adults and chicks of five seabirds (Wedge-tailed Puffinus pacificus and Christmas Shearwaters P. nativitatus, Bonin Pterodroma hypoleuca and Bulwer's Petrels Bulweria bulwerii and Tristram's Storm-petrel Oceanodroma tristrami) in the northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The goal was to compare community foraging patterns as determined by stable-isotope analysis with traditional studies conducted in the early 1980s. Furthermore, chick-rearing Procellariiformes have been hypothesized to practice a bimodal food-provisioning strategy, a behavior yet to be documented in any of the northwestern Hawaiian Islands species outside the albatrosses. Except for Christmas Shearwaters, adults and chicks had significantly different isotope ratios, suggesting differential self- and chick-provisioning by adults. Wedge-tailed Shearwaters foraged opportunistically for themselves, while providing prey of higher trophic position to their chicks. Bulwer's Petrel and Tristram's Storm-petrel adults likely brought prey of more uniform trophic position to their chicks, while relying on more permanent prey patches differing in composition for themselves during the breeding season. Results suggested little overlap in stable-isotope ratios among species and were likely a result of behavioral and morphological differences in feeding.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Foraging; French frigate shoals; Hawaiian Islands; Procellariiformes; stable isotopes
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Zoology
Research Field:Vertebrate Biology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments
Author:Lavers, JL (Dr Jennifer Lavers)
ID Code:70469
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2011-06-22
Last Modified:2012-09-04
Downloads:0

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