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Intramuscular and intravenous immobililzation of juvenile southern elephant seals


Slip, DJ and Woods, Rupert, Intramuscular and intravenous immobililzation of juvenile southern elephant seals, The Journal of Wildlife Management, 60, (4) pp. 802-807. ISSN 0022-541X (1996) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2011 the Wildlife Society

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DOI: doi:10.2307/3802380


We compared intravenousa nd intramusculara dministrationso f ketamine and diazepam to immobilize juvenile (8 to 24-month-old) southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina), to determine the most appropriate method for immobilizing seals to a level required for stomach flushing or attaching electronic activity recorders. With intravenous injections, time to induction was shorter (P < 0.001) and less variable (P < 0.001), the duration of immobilization was shorter (P < 0.001) and less variable (P < 0.003), and dose of ketamine was lower (P < 0.001) and less variable (P < 0.001). Eight of 32 seals (25%) injected intravenously had apneas ranging from 8 to 20 minutes (mean = 16 ? 4.5 min), and 6 of 27 seals (22%) injected intramuscularly were apneic for more than 5 minutes. Seals that became apneic after intravenous injection began breathing before the theoretical aerobic dive limit was reached.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:apnea, chemical immobilization, diazepam, elephant seal, Heard Island, ketamine, Macquarie Island, Mirounga leonina, pinnipeds, Southern Ocean.
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Veterinary sciences
Research Field:Veterinary anaesthesiology and intensive care
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the agricultural, food and veterinary sciences
UTAS Author:Slip, DJ (Mr David John Slip)
UTAS Author:Woods, Rupert (Dr Rupert Woods)
ID Code:70087
Year Published:1996
Web of Science® Times Cited:16
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2011-06-01
Last Modified:2011-06-02

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