Witherden, EA and Montgomery, J and Henderson, B and Tristram, SG, Prevalence and genotypic characteristics of β-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae in Australia, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 66, (5) pp. 1013-1015. ISSN 0305-7453 (2011) [Refereed Article]
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkr035
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of β-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) Haemophilus influenzae in Australia and characterize the associated amino acid substitutions in penicillin-binding protein 3.
Methods: Two hundred consecutive non-repeat clinical isolates of H. influenzae were collected and β-lactamase-negative isolates were screened for reduced ampicillin susceptibility using an ampicillin 2 μg disc (breakpoint <17 mm) and Etest (breakpoint ≥0.25 mg/L). All screen-positive isolates had their ampicillin MICs determined by reference broth microdilution and their ftsI genes were sequenced.
Results: No BLNAR strains (MIC ≥4 mg/L) were found, but 5 (2.5%) low BLNAR (L-BLNAR) strains (MIC ≥2 mg/L) and 36 (18%) genetic BLNAR (gBLNAR) strains (R517H or N526K) were found. Of the gBLNAR strains, four had the R517H substitution and the remainder had N526K, while no strains had combined N526K and M377I/S385T/L389F substitutions. A number of strains with neither R517H nor N526K substitutions that did not meet the gBLNAR definition had other BLNAR-associated substitutions.
Conclusions: BLNAR and L-BLNAR strains are uncommon in Australia, while gBLNAR strains are more common than previously recognized.
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