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Sign and habitat impact of banteng (Bos javanicus) and pig (Sus scrofa), Cobourg Penninsula, northern Australia


Bowman, DMJS and Panton, WJ, Sign and habitat impact of banteng (Bos javanicus) and pig (Sus scrofa), Cobourg Penninsula, northern Australia, Australian Journal of Ecology, 16, (1) pp. 15-17. ISSN 0307-692X (1991) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.1991.tb01477.x


The habitat preference and impact of banteng (Bos javanicus) and pigs (Sus scrofa) in Gurig National Park, on Cobourg Peninsula, Northern Territory, was investigated by systematically sampling twelve habitats. Animal signs (banteng and pig scats) and impacts (area of rooted, trampled or pugged ground and number of rubbed tree trunks) were recorded in 696 quadrats, each 5 20 m. Significant differences among habitats in sign and impact were detected. Pig rooting was concentrated on wetland communities, particularly sedgelands. Banteng sign focused on monsoon forest and coastal plains, where they caused less obvious damage than pigs. There was little evidence of either ungulate in the eucalypt communities, which are the most widespread of all habitats on the peninsula. In monsoon forests, banteng densities were approximately 70 per km-2, Banteng, unlike pigs and buffalo, have remained near their point of introduction over the last 140 years, possibly because of the unique habitat mosaic consisting of grasslands abutting monsoon forest.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Evolutionary biology
Research Field:Biogeography and phylogeography
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of freshwater ecosystems
UTAS Author:Bowman, DMJS (Professor David Bowman)
ID Code:69120
Year Published:1991
Web of Science® Times Cited:24
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2011-04-19
Last Modified:2011-06-15

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