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The interplay of dynamic and thermodynamic processes in driving the ice-edge location in the Southern Ocean


Stevens, RP and Heil, P, The interplay of dynamic and thermodynamic processes in driving the ice-edge location in the Southern Ocean, Annals of Glaciology, 52, (57) pp. 27-34. ISSN 0260-3055 (2011) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.3189/172756411795931642


A stand-alone sea-ice model (CICE4) was used to investigate the physical processes affecting the ice-edge location. Particular attention is paid to the relative contributions of dynamic and thermodynamic processes in advancing the ice edge equatorward during ice growth. Results from 10 years of an 11 year numerical simulation have been verified against satellite observations from 1998 to 2007. The autumn advance of the sea-ice edge is primarily due to thermodynamic processes, with significant dynamic contributions limited to regions such as 60–708 E and 310–3408 E. In the dynamically dominated regions, winds with a southerly component cause equatorward ice advection but also induce thermodynamic growth of new ice, which occurs well poleward of the 15% iceconcentration contour where air temperature is lowest. As the ice moves into warmer water it melts, hence extending equatorward the region with ocean mixed layer at freezing point. This accelerates the northward progression of the ice edge and permits thermodynamic ice growth as soon as the air temperature reaches below the ocean freezing point. In regions where thermodynamic processes are dominant (e.g. 340–408 E), maximum ice production occurs just poleward of the 15% ice-concentration contour, where thin sea ice is prevalent. In these longitude bands, autumn ice melt is generally absent at the ice edge due to ineffective equatorward ice advection.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Oceanography not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
Objective Field:Antarctic and Southern Ocean oceanic processes
UTAS Author:Stevens, RP (Dr Roger Stevens)
UTAS Author:Heil, P (Dr Petra Heil)
ID Code:68737
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2011-03-18
Last Modified:2012-04-11
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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