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Adolescents' Reported Usage of Selected Foods in Relation to Their Perceptions and Social Norms for Those Foods


Woodward, DR and Boon, JA and Cumming, FJ and Ball, PJ and Williams, HM and Hornsby, H, Adolescents' Reported Usage of Selected Foods in Relation to Their Perceptions and Social Norms for Those Foods, Appetite, 27, (2) pp. 109-117. ISSN 0195-6663 (1996) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1006/appe.1996.0039


This paper reports a study of factors associated with the consumption of 22 diverse foods among 2082 students aged 12-15 years in Tasmania, Australia. Students provided data by completing a printed questionnaire. Multiple linear regression was used to assess how well self-reported usual (past) frequency of consumption of a food could be estimated from their perceptions of the qualities of the food (their liking for it, its healthfulness) and their descriptive social norms for the food (its usage by parents and its usage by friends). For all foods, multiple R was significant (p < 0.0001), with values ranging from 0.28-0.64 (median for the 22 foods being 0.49). Standardized regression coefficients for liking and parental usage were highly significant (p < 0.0001) for all foods. However, consistently lower coefficients were found for friends' usage (11 with p < 0.01, but only three with p < 0.0001) and healthfulness (five with p < 0.01, but only one with p < 0.0001). The absolute and relative magnitudes of the regression coefficients varied substantially between the foods. Liking was a stronger predictor than parental usage for 11 of the foods, and parental usage out-ranked liking for the remaining 11. Regression coefficients for friends' usage and healthfulness were smaller than those for liking and parental usage for all foods studied.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Nutrition and dietetics
Research Field:Nutrition and dietetics not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other health
Objective Field:Other health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Woodward, DR (Dr David Woodward)
UTAS Author:Ball, PJ (Mr Peter Ball)
UTAS Author:Williams, HM (Mrs Heather Williams)
UTAS Author:Hornsby, H (Ms Helen Hornsby)
ID Code:6837
Year Published:1996
Web of Science® Times Cited:69
Deposited By:Biochemistry
Deposited On:1996-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-16

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