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Human Rights and Democracy in Indonesia and Malaysia: Emerging Contexts and Discourse


Eldridge, PJ, Human Rights and Democracy in Indonesia and Malaysia: Emerging Contexts and Discourse, Contemporary Southeast Asia, 18, (3) pp. 298-319. ISSN 0129-797X (1996) [Refereed Article]


Despite some convergence, differences are evident between state and non-state perspectives in Indonesia and Malaysia. Both governments perceive threats to national stability and social harmony from too rapid political liberalization. Counter-discourse in Indonesia can be divided into two broad streams. The first seeks to fuse liberal-democratic insti­tutions with more open versions of Pancasila ideology; the second to link socio-economic with political transformation. Official responses combine repression with absorption of liberal democratic concepts into “integralist “ versions of Pancasila. Reform efforts in Malaysia centre on applying consistent “rule of law” principles to established “Westminster”-type democratic institutions. However, the non-state sector enjoys relatively limited space, while various internationally-oriented and Islamic agendas diffuse energies for domestic reform.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Political science
Research Field:Political science not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in human society
UTAS Author:Eldridge, PJ (Dr Philip Eldridge)
ID Code:6799
Year Published:1996
Deposited By:Government
Deposited On:1996-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-16

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