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Factors dictating carbene formation at (PNP)Ir


Brookes, NJ and Whited, MT and Ariafard, A and Stranger, R and Grubbs, RH and Yates, BF, Factors dictating carbene formation at (PNP)Ir, Organometallics, 29, (19) pp. 4239-4250. ISSN 0276-7333 (2010) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1021/om100211a


The mechanistic subtleties involved with the interaction of an amido/bis(phosphine)-supported (PNP)Ir fragment with a series of linear and cyclic ethers have been investigated using density functional theory. Our analysis has revealed the factors dictating reaction direction toward either an iridium-supported carbene or a vinyl ether adduct. The (PNP)Ir structure will allow carbene formation only from accessible carbons α to the ethereal oxygen, such that d electron back-donation from the metal to the carbene ligand is possible. Should these conditions be unavailable, the main competing pathway to form vinyl ether can occur, but only if the (PNP)Ir framework does not sterically interfere with the reacting ether. In situations where steric hindrance prevents unimpeded access to both pathways, the reaction may progress to the initial C-H activation but no further. Our mechanistic analysis is density functional independent and whenever possible confirmed experimentally by trapping intermediate species experimentally. We have also highlighted an interesting systematic error present in the DFT analysis of reactions where steric environment alters considerably within a reaction. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Inorganic chemistry
Research Field:Organometallic chemistry
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Brookes, NJ (Dr Nigel Brookes)
UTAS Author:Ariafard, A (Associate Professor Alireza Ariafard)
UTAS Author:Yates, BF (Professor Brian Yates)
ID Code:67757
Year Published:2010
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP0986529)
Web of Science® Times Cited:16
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2011-03-07
Last Modified:2011-05-04

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