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Effective, exemplary, extraordinary? Towards an understanding of extraordinary outdoor leadership


Smith, H and Penney, D, Effective, exemplary, extraordinary? Towards an understanding of extraordinary outdoor leadership, Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 14, (1) pp. 23-29. ISSN 1324-1486 (2010) [Refereed Article]


The outdoor education literature commonly discusses what it means to be an effective outdoor leader and judgments about the effectiveness or quality of outdoor leadership and leaders are an everyday occurrence in outdoor leaders' professional lives. The basis upon which qualitative judgments are made about leaders and/or leadership and the meaning inferred by the use of various terms in descriptions of leaders and/or leadership is, however, not necessarily clear in outdoor education literature. With a variety of terms used to describe leadership effectiveness, in this article the authors aim to provide consistency in describing 'levels' of leadership through the use of the terms effective, exemplary and extraordinary. Their discussion addresses the core competencies associated with effective leadership and the application of theories of leadership in outdoor leadership literature that has explored effectiveness. They also direct their attention to prospective links between conceptually more sophisticated understandings of leadership and qualitative differences in leaders and leadership. Finally, they present a conceptual framework developed from this review of literature to more clearly distinguish levels of leadership and facilitate inquiry into extraordinary outdoor leaders and leadership. Through this article and the framework presented the authors seek to inform future research and ongoing leadership training and practice in outdoor education and other fields

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:outdoor Education, leadership
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Education systems
Research Field:Education systems not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Other education and training
Objective Field:Other education and training not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Smith, H (Dr Heidi Smith)
UTAS Author:Penney, D (Professor Dawn Penney)
ID Code:67720
Year Published:2010
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2011-03-07
Last Modified:2014-11-25

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