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The status of the world's land and marine mammals: Diversity, threat, and knowledge


Schipper, J and Chanson, JS and Chiozza, NA and Cox, NA and Hoffman, M and Katariya, V and Lamoreux, J and Rodrigues, ASL and Stuart, SN and Temple, HJ and Baillie, J and Boitani, L and Lacher Jnr, TE and Mittermeier, RA and Smith, AT and Absolon, D and Aguiar, JM and Amori, G and Bakkour, N and Baldi, R and Berridge, RJ and Bielby, J and Black, PA and Blanc, JJ and Brooks, TM and Burton, JA and Butynski, TM and Catullo, G and Chapman, R and Cokeliss, Z and Collen, B and Conroy, J and Cooke, JG and da Fonseca, GAB and Derocher, AE and Dublin, HT and Duckworth, JW and Emmons, L and Emslie, RH and Festa-Bianchet, M and Foster, M and Foster, S and Garshelis, Dl and Gates, C and Gimenez-Dixon, M and Gonzalez, S and Gonzalez-Maya, JF and Good, TC and Hammerson, G and Hammond, PS and Happold, D and Happold, M and Hare, J and Harris, RB and Hawkins, CE and Haywood, M and Heaney, LR and Hedges, S and Helgen, KM and Hilton-Taylor, C and Hussain, SA and Ishii, N and Jefferson, TA and Jenkins, RKB and Johnston, CH and Keith, M and Kingdon, J and Knox, DH and Kovacs, KM and Langhammer, P and Leus, K and Lewison, R and Lichtenstein, G and Lowry, LF and Macavoy, Z and Mace, GM and Mallon, DP and Masi, M and McKnight, MW and Medellin, RA and Medici, P and Mills, G and Moehlman, PD and Molur, S and Mora, A and Nowell, K and Oates, JF and Olech, W and Oliver, WRL and Oprea, M and Patterson, BD and Perrin, WF and Polidoro, BA and Pollock, C and Powel, A and Protas, Y and Racey, P and Ragle, J and Ramani, P and Rathbun, G and Reeves, RR and Reilly, SB and Reynolds III, JE and Rondinini, C and Rosell-Ambal, RG and Rulli, M and Rylands, AB and Savini, S and Schank, CJ and Sechrest, W and Self-Sullivan, C and Shoemaker, A and Sillero-Zubiri, C and De Silva, ND and Smith, DE and Srinivasulu, C and Stephenson, PJ and van Strien, N and Kumar Talukdar, B and Taylor, BL and Timmins, R and Tirira, DG and Tognelli, MF and Tsytsulina, K and Veiga, LM and Vie, JC and Williamson, EA and Wyatt, SA and Xie, Y and Young, BE, The status of the world's land and marine mammals: Diversity, threat, and knowledge, Science, 322, (no.5899) pp. 225-230. ISSN 0036-8075 (2008) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2008. American Association for the Advancement of Science.

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DOI: doi:10.1126/science.1165115


Knowledge of mammalian diversity is still surprisingly disparate, both regionally and taxonomically. Here, we present a comprehensive assessment of the conservation status and distribution of the world's mammals. Data, compiled by 1700+ experts, cover all 5487 species, including marine mammals. Global macroecological patterns are very different for land and marine species but suggest common mechanisms driving diversity and endemism across systems. Compared with land species, threat levels are higher among marine mammals, driven by different processes (accidental mortality and pollution, rather than habitat loss), and are spatially distinct (peaking in northern oceans, rather than in Southeast Asia). Marine mammals are also disproportionately poorly known. These data are made freely available to support further scientific developments and conservation action.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Population ecology
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
Objective Field:Assessment and management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean ecosystems
UTAS Author:Hawkins, CE (Dr Clare Hawkins)
ID Code:67671
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:982
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2011-03-07
Last Modified:2012-01-12
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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