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Comparative efficacy of spoor surveys, spotlighting and audio playbacks in a landscape-scale carnivore survey


Thorn, M and Green, M and Bateman, PW and Cameron, EZ and Yarnell, RW and Scott, DM, Comparative efficacy of spoor surveys, spotlighting and audio playbacks in a landscape-scale carnivore survey, South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 40, (1) pp. 77-86. ISSN 0379-4369 (2010) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2010 Southern African Wildlife Management Association (SAWMA)

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DOI: doi:10.3957/056.040.0113


Many carnivores are difficult and labour-intensive to detect, often leading to prohibitively high effort and cost in large-scale surveys. However, such studies provide Information that is Important for effective management and conservation. Here, we evaluate the suitability of three survey methods for landscape-scale multi-species monitoring. We compare sign surveys, spotlighting, and audio playbacks in terms of detection efficiency, precision, effort, and cost. Sign surveys out-performed the other methods in all comparison criteria, although supplementary methods were needed for some species and sites. We found that using established analysis techniques, robust landscape-scale abundance estimates would require unrealistically high effort and cost. Occupancy estimation required considerably lower sample sizes and was therefore more economical. We conclude that sign-based occupancy estimates constitute a versatile and efficient option for future large-scale, multi-species carnivore surveys.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Terrestrial ecology
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Terrestrial biodiversity
UTAS Author:Cameron, EZ (Professor Elissa Cameron)
ID Code:67508
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:25
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2011-03-04
Last Modified:2011-05-06
Downloads:714 View Download Statistics

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