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Issues of loss to follow-up in a population study of traumatic brain injury (TBI) followed to 3 years post-trauma


Langley, J and Johnson, S and Slatyer, MA and Skilbeck, CE and Thomas, M, Issues of loss to follow-up in a population study of traumatic brain injury (TBI) followed to 3 years post-trauma, Brain Injury, 24, (7-8) pp. 939-947. ISSN 0269-9052 (2010) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.3109/02699052.2010.491494


Primary objective: To examine loss to follow-up (LTFU) using a population with traumatic brain injury (TBI) to include a range of severity and to follow participants to 3 years post-injury. Also investigated were cause of TBI and employment status. Research design: The research included 947 adults from a TBI population study. Data were obtained on severity, cause of TBI and employment status and participants were followed up at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months after injury. Chi-squared analyses were used to examine rates of loss to follow-up. Main outcome and results: Overall LTFU increased from 22 at 1 month post-injury to 81 at 3-year follow-up. Most participants (52) were employed at the time of their TBI, with 39 of TBIs being motor vehicle related. Lower LTFU at 2 and 3 years post-TBI was significantly associated with severe TBI. Within the mTBI sub-group significantly higher LTFU at 1 and 6 months after injury and at 2 and 3 years post-injury was associated with TBI from assault. Those sustaining mTBI from a fall or sport-related injury showed significantly lower LTFU at the 6-month, 12-month and 2-year follow-up points. The highest LTFU was noted for unemployed participants, with retired participants showing the lowest rate. © 2010 Informa Healthcare Ltd.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Biological psychology
Research Field:Behavioural neuroscience
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Langley, J (Mrs Jenny Langley)
UTAS Author:Slatyer, MA (Dr Mark Slatyer)
UTAS Author:Skilbeck, CE (Associate Professor Clive Skilbeck)
ID Code:67233
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:32
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2011-03-01
Last Modified:2015-02-06
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