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Physiological Responses of Free-Swimming Adult Coho Salmon to Simulated Predator and Fisheries Encounters

Citation

Donaldson, MR and Clark, TD and Hinch, SG and Cooke, SJ and Patterson, DA and Gale, MK and Frappell, PB and Farrell, AP, Physiological Responses of Free-Swimming Adult Coho Salmon to Simulated Predator and Fisheries Encounters, Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 83, (6) pp. 973-983. ISSN 1522-2152 (2010) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1086/656336

Abstract

The responses of free-swimming adult coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) to simulated predator and fisheries encounters were assessed by monitoring heart rate (f H) with implanted data loggers and periodically taking caudal blood samples. A 10-or 30-min corralling treatment was conducted to simulate conspecifics being cornered by a predator or corralled by fisheries gear without physical contact. Corralling rapidly doubled fH from ∼31 beats min -1 to a maximum of ∼60 beats min -1, regardless of the duration of the corralling. However, recovery of f H to precorralling levels was significantly faster after the 10-min corralling (7.6 h) than after the 30-min corralling (11.5 h). An exhaustive-exercise treatment (chasing for 3 min, with physical contact) to simulate a predator chasing a fish to exhaustion exhaustion or a fish becoming exhausted after encountering fisheries gear resulted in increased fH (to 60 beats min -1), plasma lactate, glucose, sodium, osmolality, and cortisol (males only) and a significant decrease in mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. Recovery of fH and most blood variables was complete about 16 h after exhaustive exercise and handling. The results illustrate a clear relationship between the intensity of exercise and the duration required for recovery of f H. Changes in f H were significantly correlated with those in plasma lactate, chloride, and sodium at 1 h after the exercise treatment protocols. Thus, measurements of f H may provide an accurate indication of the general physiological response of salmonids to exhaustive exercise in the natural environment. © 2010 by The University of Chicago.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Physiology
Research Field:Animal Physiology - Systems
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Wild Caught
Objective Field:Wild Caught Fin Fish (excl. Tuna)
UTAS Author:Frappell, PB (Professor Peter Frappell)
ID Code:67227
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:41
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2011-03-01
Last Modified:2011-04-06
Downloads:0

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