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Leaf fossils of Proteaceae tribe Persoonieae from the Late Oligocene-Early Miocene of New Zealand


Carpenter, RJ and Bannister, JM and Jordan, GJ and Lee, DE, Leaf fossils of Proteaceae tribe Persoonieae from the Late Oligocene-Early Miocene of New Zealand, Australian Systematic Botany, 23, (1) pp. 1-15. ISSN 1030-1887 (2010) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2010 CSIRO

DOI: doi:10.1071/sb09015


Fossils from the Newvale lignite mine, Southland, are the first substantiated foliar records of Proteaceae subfamily Persoonioideae. The fossils possess very large stomata, a probable synapomorphy for Persoonioideae, and within Proteaceae the combination of this feature and more or less parallel-aligned, brachyparacytic stomatal complexes and undulate anticlinal epidermal cell walls is uniquely found in this subfamily. The new genus Persoonieaephyllum is described to recognise affinity of the fossil leaves and cuticles with tribe Persoonieae of Persoonioideae and their distinction from its only other extant representative, Placospermum. Two new species are described. P. ornatum is represented by linear leaves less than 20mm wide and possessing more or less parallel-aligned major veins. These leaves closely match those of extant hypostomatic, broad-leaved species of tribe Persoonieae and are distinct from Placospermum in venation and several cuticular details. P. villosum has so far been recovered only as cuticular material in disaggregated lignite. It is distinct from P. ornatum in having abundant trichome bases, an absence of surface tubercules, and even larger stomata (guard cells often >70 μm long). The fossils extend the known record of Persoonioideae in the New Zealand-New Caledonia region by ~20million years.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Evolutionary biology
Research Field:Biogeography and phylogeography
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
UTAS Author:Carpenter, RJ (Dr Raymond Carpenter)
UTAS Author:Jordan, GJ (Professor Greg Jordan)
ID Code:66825
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:19
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2011-02-15
Last Modified:2014-11-04

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