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Multi-scale spatial variation in stable isotope and fatty acid profiles amongst temperate reef species: implications for design and interpretation of trophic studies

Citation

Guest, MA and Hirst, AJ and Nichols, PD and Frusher, SD, Multi-scale spatial variation in stable isotope and fatty acid profiles amongst temperate reef species: implications for design and interpretation of trophic studies, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 410, (July) pp. 25-41. ISSN 0171-8630 (2010) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2010 Inter-Research

Official URL: http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v410/p25-41/

DOI: doi:10.3354/meps08649

Abstract

Stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen and fatty acid analyses are increasingly being used in combination to determine the trophic structure of marine systems. For stable isotopes, the variability in carbon and nitrogen isotopic signatures has long been recognised and has been characterised for some taxa. Whilst it is known that metabolic processes may influence fatty acid profiles,the spatial variability of fatty acid profiles has not been documented. Understanding at what scale these 2 biochemical tracers vary, and if the scale of variability corresponds between tracers, is crucial for the correct design and interpretation of combined tracers in trophic studies. This study is the first to examine spatial variability in fatty acid profiles per se, and in combination with stable isotope ratios in the same organisms at multiple spatial scales. We used a spatially hierarchical design which sampled across broad geographic regions, reefs within regions, and also between different parts of macroalgal plants common on temperate reefs. For stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen, variability was greatest at intermediate spatial scales (between locations within regions, and sites within locations). In contrast, fatty acid profiles showed the greatest variation amongst individual replicates of lobster, abalone and macroalgae. This study demonstrates that for the increasing number of trophic studies using combined biochemical tracers, sampling design should cater to the differences in the variability of each tracer technique and allocate sampling accordingly.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Stable isotopes,Fatty acid analysis,Nested hierarchical design,Multivariate variance components,Tasmania
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Research Field:Analytical Biochemistry
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments
UTAS Author:Guest, MA (Dr Michaela Guest)
UTAS Author:Hirst, AJ (Dr Alastair Hirst)
UTAS Author:Nichols, PD (Dr Peter Nichols)
UTAS Author:Frusher, SD (Professor Stewart Frusher)
ID Code:66515
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:27
Deposited By:TAFI - Marine Research Laboratory
Deposited On:2011-02-01
Last Modified:2011-07-27
Downloads:342 View Download Statistics

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