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The effect of a high-fat meal on postprandial arterial stiffness in men with obesity and Type 2 diabetes

Citation

Phillips, LK and Peake, JM and Zhang, X and Hickman, IJ and Kolade, O and Sacre, JW and Huang, BE and Simpson, P and Li, SH and Whitehead, JP and Sharman, JE and Martin, JH and Prins, JB, The effect of a high-fat meal on postprandial arterial stiffness in men with obesity and Type 2 diabetes, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95, (9) pp. 4455-4459. ISSN 0021-972X (2010) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2010 The Endocrine Society

DOI: doi:10.1210/jc.2010-0413

Abstract

Context: Postprandial dysmetabolism is emerging as an important cardiovascular risk factor. Augmentation index (AIx) is a measure of systemic arterial stiffness and independently predicts cardiovascular outcome. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of a standardized high-fat meal on metabolic parameters and AIx in 1) lean, 2) obese nondiabetic, and 3) subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Design and Setting: Male subjects (lean, n  8; obese, n  10; and T2DM, n  10) were studied for 6 h after a high-fat meal and water control. Glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and AIx (radial applanation tonometry) were measured serially to determine the incremental area under the curve (iAUC). Results: AIx decreased in all three groups after a high-fat meal. A greater overall postprandial reduction in AIx was seen in lean andT2DMcompared with obese subjects (iAUC, 22511204, 27641102, and 1187  429%  min, respectively; P  0.05). The time to return to baseline AIx was significantly delayed in subjects with T2DM (297  68 min) compared with lean subjects (161  88 min; P  0.05). There was a significant correlation between iAUC AIx and iAUC triglycerides (r  0.50; P  0.05). Conclusions: Obesity is associated with an attenuated overall postprandial decrease in AIx. Subjects with T2DM have a preserved, but significantly prolonged, reduction in AIx after a high-fat meal. The correlation between AIx and triglycerides suggests that postprandial dysmetabolism may impact on vascular dynamics. The markedly different response observed in the obese subjects compared with those with T2DM was unexpected and warrants additional evaluation.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cardiovascular System and Diseases
Author:Sharman, JE (Professor James Sharman)
ID Code:66320
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:13
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2011-01-12
Last Modified:2012-08-03
Downloads:0

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