eCite Digital Repository

Prospective associations between ambulatory activity, body composition and muscle function in older adults


Scott, D and Blizzard, L and Fell, J and Jones, G, Prospective associations between ambulatory activity, body composition and muscle function in older adults, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 2010 EJ ISSN 0905-7188 (2011) [Refereed Article]

Restricted - Request a copy

Copyright Statement

The definitive published version is available online at:

Official URL:

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01229.x


To describe prospective associations between ambulatory activity (AA), body composition and muscle function in older adults, 697 community-dwelling participants (49% female; mean age562 7 years) were assessed for changes in body fat and leg lean mass using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, leg strength using dynamometer, and whole body muscle quality (WBMQ; an estimate of specific force) over 2.6 0.4 years. AA was negatively associated with fat mass in both sexes but baseline AA did not predict change in fat mass. Habitual AA was weakly, but significantly, negatively associated with change in total body fat (0.16 kg/step 103/day, P50.011) and trunk fat (0.12 kg/step 103/day, P50.044) in men. Habitual AA was also weakly, but significantly, positively associated with change in leg lean mass in both men and women (both Po0.05), as well as change in leg strength (1.37 kg/ step 103/day, P50.001) and WBMQ (0.03 kg/kg/ step 103/day, P50.002) in women only. Partial R2s for these associations were in the range of 1.2-3.2%. Although, these associations are modest, increases in objectively assessed physical activity may represent a target for improving body composition and muscle function in community- dwelling older adults.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:pedometer, exercise, body fat, muscle strength
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Clinical sciences
Research Field:Rheumatology and arthritis
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Scott, D (Mr David Scott)
UTAS Author:Blizzard, L (Professor Leigh Blizzard)
UTAS Author:Fell, J (Associate Professor James Fell)
UTAS Author:Jones, G (Professor Graeme Jones)
ID Code:66014
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:38
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2010-12-15
Last Modified:2022-08-23

Repository Staff Only: item control page