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Age-related anabolic resistance after endurance-type exercise in healthy humans

Citation

Durham, WJ and Casperson, SL and Dillon, EL and Keske, MA and Paddon-Jones, D and Sanford, AP and Hickner, RC and Grady, JJ and Sheffield-Moore, M, Age-related anabolic resistance after endurance-type exercise in healthy humans, The FASEB Journal: (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology), 24, (10) pp. 4117-4127. ISSN 0892-6638 (2010) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright © 2010 by The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.

Official URL: http://www.fasebj.org/misc/copyright.shtml

DOI: doi:10.1096/fj.09-150177

Abstract

Age-related skeletal muscle loss is thought to stem from suboptimal nutrition and resistance to anabolic stimuli. Impaired microcirculatory (nutritive) blood flow may contribute to anabolic resistance by reducing delivery of amino acids to skeletal muscle. In this study, we employed contrast-enhanced ultrasound, microdialysis sampling of skeletal muscle interstitium, and stable isotope methodology, to assess hemodynamic and metabolic responses of older individuals to endurance type (walking) exercise during controlled amino acid provision. We hypothesized that older individuals would exhibit reduced microcirculatory blood flow, interstitial amino acid concentrations, and amino acid transport when compared with younger controls. We report for the first time that aging induces anabolic resistance following endurance exercise, manifested as reduced (by 40%) efficiency of muscle protein synthesis. Despite lower (by 40–45%) microcirculatory flow in the older than in the younger participants, circulating and interstitial amino acid concentrations and phenylalanine transport into skeletal muscle were all equal or higher in older individuals than in the young, comprehensively refuting our hypothesis that amino acid availability limits postexercise anabolism in older individuals. Our data point to alternative mediators of age-related anabolic resistance and importantly suggest correction of these impairments may reduce requirements for, and increase the efficacy of, dietary protein in older individuals. Durham, W. J., Casperson, S. L., Dillon, E. L., Keske, M. A., Paddon-Jones, D., Sanford, A. P., Hickner, R. C., Grady, J. J., Sheffield- Moore, M. Age-related anabolic resistance after endurance- type exercise in healthy humans.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:amino acids; blood flow; microdialysis ethanol; contrast-enhanced ultrasound; microcirculation
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics
Research Field:Medical Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Metabolites
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)
Objective Field:Health Related to Ageing
Author:Keske, MA (Dr Michelle Keske)
ID Code:64890
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:39
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2010-09-14
Last Modified:2011-04-29
Downloads:0

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