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Gene trees versus species trees: reassessing life-history evolution in a freshwater fish radiation

Citation

Waters, JM and Rowe, DL and Burridge, CP and Wallis, GP, Gene trees versus species trees: reassessing life-history evolution in a freshwater fish radiation , Systematic Biology, 59, (5) pp. 504-517. ISSN 1063-5157 (2010) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2010 Oxford University Press

DOI: doi:10.1093/sysbio/syq031

Abstract

Mechanisms of speciation are best understood in the context of phylogenetic relationships and as such have often been inferred from single gene trees, typically those derived from mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) markers. Recent studies, however, have noted the potential for phylogenetic discordance between gene trees and underlying species trees (e.g., due to stochastic lineage sorting, introgression, or selection). Here, we employ a variety of nuclear DNA loci to re- assess evolutionary relationships within a recent freshwater fish radiation to reappraise modes of speciation. New Zealandís freshwater-limited Galaxias vulgaris complex is thought to have evolved from G. brevipinnis, a widespread migratory species that retains a plesiomorphic marine juvenile phase. A well-resolved tree, based on four mtDNA regions, previously sug- gested that marine migratory ability has been lost on 3 independent occasions in the evolution of this species flock (assum- ing that loss of diadromy is irreversible). Here, we use pseudogene (galaxiid Numt: 1801 bp), intron (S7: 903 bp), and exon (RAG-1: 1427 bp) markers, together with mtDNA, to reevaluate this hypothesis of parallel evolution. Interestingly, parti- tioned Bayesian analysis of concatenated nuclear sequences (3141 bp) and concatenated nuclear and mtDNA (4770 bp) both recover phylogenies implying a single loss of diadromy, not three parallel losses as previously inferred from mtDNA alone. This phylogenetic result is reinforced by a multilocus analysis performed using Bayesian estimation of species trees (BEST) software that estimates the posterior distribution of species trees under a coalescent model. We discuss factors that might explain the apparently misleading phylogenetic inferences generated by mtDNA.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Evolutionary Biology
Research Field:Speciation and Extinction
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Author:Burridge, CP (Dr Christopher Burridge)
ID Code:64731
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:37
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2010-08-19
Last Modified:2012-08-03
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