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Characterization of the conserved interaction between GATA and FOG family proteins


Kowalski, K and Liew, CK and Matthews, JM and Gell, DA and Crossley, M and Mackay, JP, Characterization of the conserved interaction between GATA and FOG family proteins, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277, (38) pp. 35720-35729. ISSN 0021-9258 (2002) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1074/jbc.M204663200


The N-terminal zinc finger (ZnF) from GATA transcription factors mediates interactions with FOG family proteins. In FOG proteins, the interacting domains are also ZnFs; these domains are related to classical CCHH fingers but have an His → Cys substitution at the final zinc-ligating position. Here we demonstrate that different CCHC fingers in the FOG family protein U-shaped contact the N-terminal ZnF of GATA-1 in the same fashion although with different affinities. We also show that these interactions are of moderate affinity, which is interesting given the presumed low concentrations of these proteins in the nucleus. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the variant CCHC topology enhances binding affinity, although the His → Cys change is not essential for the formation of a stably folded domain. To ascertain the structural basis for the contribution of the CCHC arrangement, we have determined the structure of a CCHH mutant of finger nine from U-shaped. The structure is very similar overall to the wild-type domain, with subtle differences at the C terminus that result in loss of the interaction in vivo. Taken together, these results suggest that the CCHC zinc binding topology is required for the integrity of GATA-FOG interactions and that weak interactions can play important roles in vivo.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and cell biology
Research Field:Structural biology (incl. macromolecular modelling)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
UTAS Author:Gell, DA (Dr David Gell)
ID Code:64563
Year Published:2002
Web of Science® Times Cited:16
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2010-08-12
Last Modified:2011-08-02

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