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The effects of training on gross efficiency in cycling: A review


Hopker, J and Coleman, DA and Jobson, SA and Edwards, LM and Passfield, LP and Carter, H and Tolhurst, D, The effects of training on gross efficiency in cycling: A review, International Journal of Sports Medicine, 30, (12) pp. 845-850. ISSN 0172-4622 (2009) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1055/s-0029-1237712


There has been much debate in the recent scientific literature regarding the possible ability to increase gross efficiency in cycling via training. Using cross-sectional study designs, researchers have demonstrated no significant differences in gross efficiency between trained and untrained cyclists. Reviewing this literature provides evidence to suggest that methodological inadequacies may have played a crucial role in the conclusions drawn from the majority of these studies. We present an overview of these studies and their relative shortcomings and conclude that in well-controlled and rigorously designed studies, training has a positive influence upon gross efficiency. Putative mechanisms for the increase in gross efficiency as a result of training include, muscle fibre type transformation, changes to muscle fibre shortening velocities and changes within the mitochondria. However, the specific mechanisms by which training improves gross efficiency and their impact on cycling performance remain to be determined.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Exercise physiology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the health sciences
UTAS Author:Edwards, LM (Dr Lindsay Edwards)
ID Code:64368
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:28
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2010-07-21
Last Modified:2010-07-21

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