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Sources of Individual Differences in IT

Citation

Hecker, R and Mapperson, BN, Sources of Individual Differences in IT, Personality and Individual Differences, 21, (5) pp. 697-709. ISSN 0191-8869 (1996) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/0191-8869(96)00132-8

Abstract

Interest in inspection time (IT), uniformly thought to index 'speed-of-processing', has been maintained because of its established empirical correlation with general mental ability and performance IQ measures. The IT procedure generally consists of a simple visual discrimination task displayed at various critical exposure durations and immediately followed by a suitable mask. Processing is assumed to terminate at mask onset, which seems inappropriate in light of the target/mask composite necessarily available with integration theories of backward masking. The present paper reports five experiments involving attended and unattended secondary stimuli and additional factor analyses of previous studies involving IT. From these it is proposed that IT is better thought of as indexing the power an individual can bring to bear within a specific cognitive domain rather than 'speed-of-processing' per se. The consequence is that the observed IT-IQ correlation is merely the inevitable outcome of measuring the same domain with two different tasks; rather than due to some elemental factor such as mental speed underlying both tasks. Ways in which this model could be tested are discussed.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Educational Psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
Author:Hecker, R (Dr Rob Hecker)
Author:Mapperson, BN (Dr Barry Mapperson)
ID Code:6421
Year Published:1996
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:1996-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-16
Downloads:0

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