eCite Digital Repository

Warfare in Biodiversity Hotspots

Citation

Hanson, T and Brooks, TM and Fonseca, GAB and Hoffmann, M and Lamoreux, JF and Machlis, G and Mittermeier, CG and Mittermeier, RA and Pilgrim, JD, Warfare in Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation Biology, 23, (3) pp. 578-587. ISSN 0888-8892 (2009) [Refereed Article]


Preview
PDF
Restricted - Request a copy
230Kb
  

Copyright Statement

The definitive published version is available online at: http://interscience.wiley.com

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01166.x

Abstract

Conservation efforts are only as sustainable as the social and political context within which they take place. The weakening or collapse of sociopolitical frameworks during wartime can lead to habitat destruction and the erosion of conservation policies, but in some cases, may also confer ecological benefits through altered settlement patterns and reduced resource exploitation. Over 90% of the major armed conflicts between 1950 and 2000 occurred within countries containing biodiversity hotspots, and more than 80% took place directly within hotspot areas. Less than one-third of the 34 recognized hotspots escaped significant conflict during this period, and most suffered repeated episodes of violence. This pattern was remarkably consistent over these 5 decades. Evidence from the war-torn Eastern Afromontane hotspot suggests that biodiversity conservation is improved when international nongovernmental organizations support local protected area staff and remain engaged throughout the conflict. With biodiversity hotspots concentrated in politically volatile regions, the conservation community must maintain continuous involvement during periods of war, and biodiversity conservation should be incorporated into military, reconstruction, and humanitarian programs in the world’s conflict zones.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:biodiversity conservation, biodiversity hotspots, conflict, protected areas, war, warfare ecology
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental Science and Management
Research Field:Environmental Science and Management not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management not elsewhere classified
Author:Brooks, TM (Dr Thomas Brooks)
ID Code:63859
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:89
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2010-06-04
Last Modified:2013-10-08
Downloads:5 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page